Category: business

Relevant Cash Flows

Investment decisions, like all other decisions, should be analysed in terms of the cash flows that can be directly attributable to them. These cash flows should include the incremental cash flows that will occur in the future following acceptance of the investment. The cash flows will include cash inflows and outflows, or the inflows may be represented by savings […]


Internal Rate of Return

The internal rate of return (lRR) is an alternative technique for use in making capital investment decisions that also takes into account the time value of money, The internal rate of return represents the true interest rate earned on an investment over the course of its economic life This measure is sometimes referred to as the discounted […]


Capital Investment Decisions

Capital investment decisions are those decisions that involve current outlays in return for a stream of benefits in future years. it is true to say that all of a firm’s expenditures are made in expectation of realizing future benefits. The distinguishing feature between short-term decisions and capital investment (long-term) decisions is time. Generally, we can classify short-term decisions as […]


Partnership and Types of Companies

The three most common types of business enterprise are sole traders, partnerships and public corporations. For example in 2004, in the UK, there were 514,820 sole proprietors (or sole traders), 309385 partnerships and 753020 companies and public corporations (Office for National Statistics, 2004). Of these 1,256 were listed companies. So far, in this page, we have focused on sole […]


External Financing of Short Term Finance

Cash If a company is not generating enough cash from trading it may need to borrow. The most common method of borrowing is via a bank overdraft or a bank loan. Bank overdrafts are very flexible. Most major banks will set up an overdraft facility for a business as long as they are sure the […]


Starting A Business

For establishing a company or shop in any country, you should have a license for it, so register a legal a license to starting a business is the first step.

In some country like U.A.E, you can register a general trading license then you can do any business with it but in some country like china you should register a license for any trading products.

Start a Business with open a showroom

Start a Business with open a showroom

Steps to Begin A Business

From country to country it is different but to get started, generally we can do some steps as below:

  • Select the product or services that you would like to be active in its business
    • This is very important step and we suggest you have enough meeting with some of your friends or have many times consulatation with trusted attornies in your country
  • Register a name for your business
  • Rent or buy a shop or showroom
  • Decorating your showroom or shop with the most beautiful interior design
  • Hire the best salesperson as you can
  • Start a marketing by some resources as magazines, flyers, TV, internet or door-to-door visitors

Start A Business in USA

Choose type of your business and select a state

USA has 50 states so you should select one of them then you should choose which type of business you will be in. for foreigner the best and the most friendly states are : Nevada,  Wyoming, and Delaware.

 There are two types of business: 1- LLC 2-C Corporation

A Registered Agent

You should give your official papers and documents to a registered agent that located in the state where you have plan for it.

Get Your Tax ID No.

With you tax ID number, your business will be identified by the IRS. The official site of IRS:

To obtain an ITIN from IRS organization you should use form W-7  to apply for it

Open an account in a bank inside U.S.

It is easy to open an account in bank. you will offer: Your passport copy, the incorporation documents , and Tax ID number.




Administration to Administration (A2A)

By using the A2A model, government departments can nationally and or internationally communicate and exchange classified information through dedicated portals. Typical examples include the national DNA database and other policing information.